once your child is born, you should know that there are some important vaccinations that the infant must receive to avoid contracting some serious diseases, the most important of which is the tuberculosis vaccination.
Tuberculosis is still one of the most dangerous infectious diseases around the world. There are multiple vaccinations for tuberculosis, most of which are still under development to this day, and some of them cause various side effects that must be paid attention to.
In this article, we explained to you tuberculosis vaccination importance and its side effects, and how to take care of the injection site after vaccination.
What is tuberculosis?
Tuberculosis is a disease caused by infection with bacteria called Mycobacterium tuberculosis, which usually affects the lungs by 70% and sometimes affects other organs such as the bones, kidneys, and brain. It is a highly contagious disease, and it is transmitted from person to person through droplets that carry bacteria.
There are two cases of infection, the first type, which is the inactive type, in which no symptoms of the disease appear because the bacteria are not active inside the body due to the strength of the individual’s immunity, and this type is not contagious, while the other type is the active type in which the bacteria are active and symptoms of the disease begin to appear This condition is very contagious.
Tuberculosis signs and Symptoms
- Severe cough that may be accompanied by mucus or blood.
- Chest pain while breathing.
- Fever and over sweating.
- extreme fatigue.
- Loss of appetite and severe weight loss.
Symptoms may vary according to the location of the disease. When it is infected with the spine, there will be severe back pain or pain next to the back and blood in the urine in the case of kidney infection.
Tuberculosis is very dangerous and its treatment can be tiring, there for a vaccine has been created to prevent infection with this disease and avoid its risks, and about 100 million newborn children are vaccinated every year.
The tuberculosis vaccination is taken from the birth of the child until 6 months in the left shoulder area, and the vaccination must be taken under the skin so as not to cause various infections such as inflammation of the lymph nodes. You can check with doctor to ensure the presence of antibodies and the success of the vaccine.
Side effects and complications of tuberculosis vaccination for children
Sometimes some side effects of the tuberculosis vaccine appear, and this may be due to a person’s weak immunity or because the injection was given in the wrong way. like:
- High temperature immediately after vaccination, and then an antipyretic is taken after consulting a doctor.
- Redness of the face and the appearance of a rash.
- Muscle pain.
- The appearance of an abscess at the site of vaccination
- Swollen lymph nodes in the armpit and neck for a short period of time until it goes away, except for some rare cases in which the lymph nodes become infected, and it is preferable to consult a doctor if any swelling is noticed.
- Infection with tuberculosis, and this happens rarely if the person’s immunity is very weak.
tuberculosis vaccination injection aftercare
After your child is vaccinated against tuberculosis, a slight infection will appear in the injection area, and you must take good care of it so that it does not leave marks or scars, or cause any complications as a result of neglecting it. You can do this by:
- Wash the child’s arm well
- The injection site must not be disinfected so that the vaccine does not lose its effectiveness.
- You can apply a cold cloth when any swelling appears at the vaccination site.
- Avoid rubbing or rubbing the vaccination area.
- Do not use ointments, creams, or oils at the place of vaccination.
- You can give the child painkillers to reduce swelling, but consult a doctor.
It is preferable to vaccinate your child against tuberculosis after his birth so that he is not exposed to the risk of contracting this disease, as he may develop a type of anti-drug tuberculosis, or be allergic to drugs that treat tuberculosis, so prevention is generally better than treatment.
And do not worry about the appearance of side effects on your child when he receives the tuberculosis vaccine, this is normal, but if you notice any unusual symptoms or strong symptoms, you must consult the doctor, as well as in the absence of any symptoms and swelling, it is preferable to consult the doctor to ensure the success of the vaccine.