Does your child have diarrhea? Are you worried about the severity of the situation or how to treat it? Many parents get frightened and stressed when their child has diarrhea, but there is no need to worry, as it is one of the most common problems in children and usually goes away without treatment.
Diarrhea occurs when the consistency and color of your child’s “stools” change from normal and the number of bowel movements increased in the day. The cause of infection may be wrong eating habits, infection with different viruses and bacteria, or health problems with your child’s digestive system. If diarrhea persists for more than two days, you should consult a doctor to avoid complications such as dehydration.
In this article, we explained to you the causes and ways of treating children’s diarrhea.
Types of diarrheas in children
There are different types of diarrheas that can affect children, and their symptoms vary according to how the infection is. It may be simple diarrhea that disappears in a few days, or it may be severe as a result of an infection or a problem in the digestive system. Or the type varies according to the shape of the stool. The stool may be liquid, which may cause dehydration unless treated quickly, or it may be mixed with blood and mucus in case of infection due to some germs or bacteria. If the diarrhea does not stop and continues abnormally, the mother should go to the doctor immediately.
Causes of diarrhea in infants
- Not washing feeding bottles well, which causes the accumulation of germs and bacteria.
- Leaving the prepared milk for a long time outside, which causes its spoilage.
- Infection with a virus or bacteria in infants, surfaces that carry germs, such as toys, and then putting their hands in their mouths.
Causes of diarrhea in children
- There are many reasons why your child has diarrhea
- Problems digesting some food components such as lactose and gluten.
- Eating exposed or contaminated foods and infection with bacteria and germs such as Shigella and amoeba.
- You may contract a viral infection such as rotavirus
- Or be a problem with the functions of the stomach and intestines, such as irritable bowel syndrome.
- Taking some medications, such as antibiotics, for drugs that may cause diarrhea.
- Eat some foods that naturally cause diarrhea, such as high-fiber foods, sugary foods, artificial sweeteners, and fried foods.
Diarrhea can be avoided by following these steps:
- Wash hands frequently
- Ensure that food and water are clean before eating them
- cook food well
How do we treat diarrhea in infants?
- Increase the frequency of breastfeeding, especially breastfeeding.
- If you are breast-feeding your child, eat more bananas, apples, and carrots so that the infant can benefit from their potassium.
- Changing the mother’s diet and avoiding diarrhea-causing foods such as fatty foods and dairy products such as cheese.
How do we treat diarrhea in children?
Eat foods that help get rid of diarrhea
- Bananas and potatoes to replace the potassium lost during diarrhea.
- Apple juice because it helps absorb fluids in the intestines.
- Yogurt is one of the foods rich in probiotics that helps digestion and creates a balance of good and bad bacteria in the intestines. Cottage cheese and pickles can also be eaten because they contain probiotics as well.
- Chicken soup to replace the lost potassium and salt, and chicken breasts are easy to digest and a rich source of protein.
You can also take medicines that treat diarrhea, such as medicines that reduce bowel movements, such as loperamide, or medicines that make stools firmer, such as medicines that contain pectin.
Treating dehydration that may be caused by diarrhea
Dehydration is one of the most serious complications of diarrhea and is caused by the body losing a lot of fluids and salts. Symptoms appear when excessive thirst and dry mouth, lack of tears and urination.
Treatment of dehydration is to compensate the body for lost fluids by drinking plenty of fluids or using salt solutions to treat dehydration and simple medicines that are dissolved in water, and taking vitamins and medicines rich in salts, glucose and other important minerals that the body loses due to diarrhea.
To avoid your child getting diarrhea, you must pay close attention to personal hygiene. You should wash your child’s hands well to get rid of bacteria and germs, and wash and peel vegetables and fruits if possible before feeding your child. Cook food well at home and avoid eating food from street vendors. It is preferable to take the rotavirus vaccine, one of the most common causes of diarrhea in children.
Diarrhea is one of the most common health problems in children and it usually lasts between a day or two, after which your child regains his health normally, but it is preferable to consult a doctor if it continues for more than that.